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EMC Glossary

419 Scam (Advance Fee Fraud)

A 419 Scam, or Advance Fee Fraud, is a type of fraud named after an article of the Nigerian penal code under which it is prosecuted. It is also known as "Advance Fee Fraud" because of the common principle of all scam formats: to get the victim to send cash (or other items of value) upfront by promising them a large amount of money that they would later receive if they cooperate.