Global Sales Contact List

Contact   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

RSA Laboratories

7.10 What is OAEP?

Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP) is a method for encoding messages developed by Mihir Bellare and Phil Rogaway [BR94]. The technique of encoding a message with OAEP and then encrypting it with RSA is provably secure in the random oracle model. Informally, this means that if hash functions are truly random, then an adversary who can recover such a message must be able to break RSA.

An OAEP encoded message consists of a ``masked data'' string concatenated with a ``masked random number''. In the simplest form of OAEP, the masked data is formed by taking the XOR of the plaintext message M and the hash G of a random string r. The masked random number is the XOR of r with the hash H of the masked data. The input to the RSA encryption function is then

[M ÅG(r)]  ||  [r ÅH(M ÅG(r))]

Often, OAEP is used to encode small items such as keys. There are other variations on OAEP (differing only slightly from the above) that include a feature called ``plaintext-awareness''. This means that to construct a valid OAEP encoded message, an adversary must know the original plaintext. To accomplish this, the plaintext message M is first padded (for example, with a string of zeroes) before the masked data is formed. OAEP is supported in the ANSI X9.44, IEEE P1363 and SET standards.


Top of the page

Notes:
Connect with EMCConnect with EMC
Need help immediately? EMC Sales Specialists are standing by to answer your questions real time.
Use Live Chat for fast, direct access to EMC Customer Service Professionals to resolve your support questions.
Explore and compare EMC products in the EMC Store, and get a price quote from EMC or an EMC partner.
We're here to help. Send us your sales inquiry and an EMC Sales Specialist will get back to you within one business day.
Want to talk? Call us to speak with an EMC Sales Specialist live.