7.13 What are LEAFs?
A LEAF, or Law Enforcement Access Field, is a small piece of ``extra'' cryptographic information that is sent or stored with an encrypted communication to ensure that appropriate Government entities, or other authorized parties, can obtain the plaintext of some communication. For a typical escrowed communication system, a LEAF might be constructed by taking the decryption key for the communication, splitting it into several shares, encrypting each share with a different key escrow agent's public key, and concatenating the encrypted shares together.
The term ``LEAF'' originated with the Clipper Chip (see Question 6.2.4 for more information).
- 7.1 What is probabilistic encryption?
- Contribution Agreements: Draft 1
- Contribution Agreements: Draft 2
- 7.2 What are special signature schemes?
- 7.3 What is a blind signature scheme?
- Contribution Agreements: Draft 3
- Contribution Agreements: Final
- 7.4 What is a designated confirmer signature?
- 7.5 What is a fail-stop signature scheme?
- 7.6 What is a group signature?
- 7.7 What is a one-time signature scheme?
- 7.8 What is an undeniable signature scheme?
- 7.9 What are on-line/off-line signatures?
- 7.10 What is OAEP?
- 7.11 What is digital timestamping?
- 7.12 What is key recovery?
- 7.13 What are LEAFs?
- 7.14 What is PSS/PSS-R?
- 7.15 What are covert channels?
- 7.16 What are proactive security techniques?
- 7.17 What is quantum computing?
- 7.18 What is quantum cryptography?
- 7.19 What is DNA computing?
- 7.20 What are biometric techniques?
- 7.21 What is tamper-resistant hardware?
- 7.22 How are hardware devices made tamper-resistant?